Amendment to the Indian Constitution

Amendment to the Indian Constitution

So far 122 Constitution Amendment Bills have been introduced in the Parliament, out of which 101 Constitution Amendment Bills have been passed.

On 8 August 2016, Parliament passed the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and passed the 101st Constitutional Amendment. (Dates of Lok Sabha Elections of India 2019)

The constitution of India began in 1946 and was completed after 2 years 11 months and 18 days on 26 November 1949, and came into force on 26 January 1950, since then the country of India came to be called a sovereign republic. (Republic Day in India Facts about India)

Now the question arises that the country became independent in 1947, but how the constitution was created earlier, the reason for the beginning was the Government of India Act 1935, on the basis of this, the constitution creation started, in fact, the constitution which was made earlier.

The environment, civilization, and culture of this country had to be molded, which could not be done in a hurry, so as the social problem came to the fore, by amending the constitution, the country was allowed to move forward until the constitution was made. It had 395 articles, 22 parts, and only 8 schedules, and now has 25 parts, 448 articles, 12 schedules, 5 annexes, and 101 amendments.

List of Amendments to the Constitution of India

No. Amendment Implemented since Objective
1 Amend articles 15, 19, 85, 87, 174, 176, 341, 342, 372 and 376. 18-Jun-51 A special provision was added for the upliftment of any socially and educationally backward classes or scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. To fully secure the constitutional validity of the zamindari abolition laws and to impose reasonable restrictions on the freedom of speech. A new constitutional instrument, called Schedule 9, has been introduced to protect laws contrary to constitutionally guaranteed fundamental rights. These laws encroach on property rights, freedom of speech, and equality before the law.
Insert Articles 31A and 31B Insert 
9 Schedule.
2 Amend article 81(1)(b). [4] May 1 -53 By amending Article 81(1)(b), the upper population limit of a parliamentary constituency was removed.
3 Amend Schedule 7. [5] February 22-55 33 Re-enacted in the Concurrent List in the Seventh Schedule, to include trade and commerce, and production, supply, and distribution of 4 classes of essential commodities, such as edible oils and oils including edible oils; cattle feed, oilcake and other concentrates; Raw cotton, whether plucked or uncut and the cottonseed; and raw jute
4 Amendment to Articles 31, 35 Band 305 27-Apr-55 Prohibition on the inclusion of property rights and related bills in Schedule 9 of the Constitution
Amend Schedule 9. [6]
5 Amend Article 3. [7] 24-Dec-55 The President is empowered to set time limits for a State Legislature to express its views on proposed central laws relating to the formation of new states and the change of territories, boundaries, or names of existing states. In addition, the President was allowed to extend the prescribed limit, and any bill was prohibited from being introduced in Parliament until after the expiry of the prescribed or extended period.
6 Amendment to Articles 269 and 286 11-Sep-56 To amend the Union and State Lists with respect to raising taxes
Amend Schedule 7. [8]
7 Amend articles 1, 3, 49, 80, 81, 82, 131, 153, 158, 168, 170, 171, 216, 217, 220, 222, 224, 230, 231 and 232. 1-Nov-56 Reorganization of states on linguistic lines, abolition of Class A, B, C, D states and introduction of Union Territories
Insert articles 258A, 290A, 298, 350A, 350B, 371, 372A and 378A.
Amend Part 8
Amend Schedule 1, 2, 4, and 7. [9]
8 Amend article 334. [10] 5-Jan-60 Extended the period of reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Anglo Indians in Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies till 1970
9 Amend Schedule 1. [11] 28-Dec-60 Minor adjustments in the territory of the Indian Union as a result of the agreement with Pakistan for settlement of disputes by demarcating border villages etc.
10 amend article 240 11-August-61 Insertion of Dadra, Nagar, and Haveli as a Union Territory, resulting from its acquisition from Portugal
Amend Schedule 1. [12]
11 Amend articles 66 and 71. [13] 19-Dec-61 The election of the Vice-President by the Electoral College consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament, rather than by election by a joint sitting of Parliament. The President and the Vice-President on the ground of existence of any vacancy in the Electoral College relinquish the election process by the challenge


12 amend article 240 20-Dec-61 Incorporation of Goa, Daman, and Diu as a Union Territory, as a result of annexation from Portugal
Amend Schedule 1. [14]
13 amend article 170 1-Dec-63 Formation of the state of Nagaland with special protection under section 371
Enter new article 371. [15]
14 Amend Articles 81 and 240 28-Dec-62 Insertion of Pondicherry into the Indian Union and creation of Legislative Assemblies for Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Manipur, and Goa
Insert article 239A
Revise Programs 1 and 4. [16]
15 Amend 124, 128, 217, 222, 224, 226, 297, 311 and 316. 5-oct-63 Raise the retirement age of high court judges from 60 to 62 and take other reasonable steps to interpret the rules regarding judges.
insert article 224
Amend Schedule 7. [17]
16 Amendment to Articles 19, 84 and 173 5-oct-63 Make it mandatory for the seekers of public office to pledge their allegiance to the Republic of India and write samples of different scope
Amend Schedule 3. [18]
17 amend article 31 20-Jun-64 To protect the constitutional validity of acquisition of estates and land acquisition laws in Schedule 9 of the Constitution
Amend Schedule 9. [19]
18 Amend article 3. [20] 27-August-66 Technical amendment to include Union Territories in Article 3 and therefore permit the reorganization of Union Territories
19 Amend article 324. [21] 11-Dec-66 Eliminating election tribunals and enabling trial of election petitions by regular High Courts
20 Insert article 233. [22] 22-Dec-66 To indemnify and validate judgments, orders, orders, and sentences passed by judges and to validate the appointment, posting, promotion, and transfer of judges, except for certain persons who were not eligible for appointment under Article 233. Amendments necessary to remove the effect of the judgment Some Judges in the State of Uttar Pradesh
21 Amend Schedule 8. [23] 10-Apr-67 Include Sindhi as an official language
22 amend article 275 25-Sep-69 Provisions for the creation of autonomous states within the state of Assam
Insert articles 244 A and 371B. [24]


23 Amend articles 330, 332, 333, and 334. [25] 23-Jan-70 Discharge reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes in Nagaland, both in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assembly, stipulated that no more than one Anglo-Indian nomination to any State Legislative Assembly could be made by the Governor. Extend the reservation for SC/ST and Anglo-Indian members in the Lok Sabha and for state legislatures by ten years, until 1980.
24 Amend articles 13 and 368. [26] 5-Nov-71 Enable the Parliament to curtail the Fundamental Rights through amendments to the Constitution
25 amend article 31 20-Apr-72 Limit property rights and compensation if the state takes over private property. However, the Supreme Court struck down a part of Article 31C, which took away the power of judicial review. This was done in the landmark case Kaisanavand Bharati v State of Kerala (1973) 4 SCC 225, which articulated the basic structure theory for the first time.
Insert article 31c. [27]
26 amend article 366 28 December -71 Private wallet payments were made to former rulers of princely states that had been incorporated into the Republic of India.
Insert article 363 A
Remove articles 291 and 362. [28]
27 Amendment to Articles 239 A and 240 15-Feb-72 Reorganization of Mizoram into a union territory, consisting of a legislature and a council of ministers
Insert articles 239 b and 371 c. [29]
28 Insert Article 312 A 29-August-72 Rationalization of civil service rules to create a uniform bar as to those appointed before independence and post-independence
Remove article 314. [30]
29 Amend Schedule 9. [31] 9-Jun-72 Land reform work under Schedule 9 of the Constitution and amend these Acts
30 Amend article 133. [32] 27-Feb-73 Change the grounds of appeal to the Supreme Court of India in a civil suitcase from a value criterion involving a substantial question of law
31 Amend articles 81, 330, and 332. [33] 17-Oct-73 Increase the size of parliament from 525 to 545 seats. Minor adjustments as a result of the increase in new states formed in Northeast India and the 1971 border crossing exercise
32 amend article 371 1-July-74 Protection of Territorial Rights in the Andhra Regions of the State of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
Insert articles 371 D and 371 E
Amend Schedule 7. [34]
33 Amend articles 101 and 190. [35] 19-May-74 Determines the procedure for the resignation of members of Parliament and state legislatures and the procedure for the acceptance and acceptance of resignations by the Speaker of the House.
34 Amend Schedule 9. [36] 7-Sep-74 Land reform work under Schedule 9 of the Constitution and amend these Acts
35 Amendment to Articles 80 and 81 1-mar-75 Terms and Conditions for Incorporation of Sikkim in the Union of India


Insert article 2 a
Enter Schedule 10. [37]
36 Amendment to Articles 80 and 81 26-Apr-75 Formation of Sikkim as a State within the Indian Union
Insert Article 371 F
Remove article 2 a
Amendment in Schedule 1 and 4
Remove Schedule 10. [38]
37 Amend articles 239A and 240. [39] May 3 -75 Establishment of Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly
38 Amend articles 123, 213, 239b, 352, 356, 359 and 360. [40] 1-August-75 Increases powers of President and Governors to pass rules
39 Amendment to Articles 71 and 329 10-August-75 The Allahabad High Court amended Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s decision to invalidate her election to Parliament. The amendment placed a ban on a judicial inquiry into the office of the Prime Minister. The amendment was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 7 August 1975 and was introduced and passed in the Rajya Sabha on 8 August 1975. The amendment was ratified on Saturday, August 17 before 9 states and President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed gave his assent on Sunday, August 10, 1975, and civil servants issued a gazette notification on Sunday, August 10, 1975. Of. This amendment to the Constitution of India resulted in a thwarted election of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on 11 August 1975 by the Supreme Court of India. [42]
Insert article 329 A Later, however, section 329A was struck down by the Supreme Court in the case of Indira Nehru Gandhi v. Shree Raj Narayan 1976 (2) SCR 347, for being in violation of the basic structure.
Amend Schedule 9. [41]
40 amend article 297 27-May-76 Enable Parliament to legislate with respect to Special Economic Zones and deposit of mineral wealth with India
Amend Schedule 9. [43] Land reforms and other acts under Schedule 9 of the Constitution and amend these Acts
41 Amend Article 316. [44] 7-Sep-76 Increase the retirement age of chairpersons and members of Joint Public Service Commissions and State Public Service Commissions from sixty to two o’clock.
42 31, 31C, 39, 55, 74, 77, 81, 82, 83, 100, 102, 103, 105, 118, 145, 150, 166, 170, 172, 189, 191, 192, 194, 208, 217, 225, 226, 227, 228, 311, 312, 330, 352, 353, 356, 357, 358, 359, 366, 368 and 371F. 2-Nov-76 The provision of curtailment of fundamental rights, amended by Indira Gandhi during the internal emergency, introduces fundamental duties and changes in the basic structure of the constitution, making India a “socialist secular” republic.
Insert articles 31D, 32A, 39A, 43A, 48A, 131A, 139A, 144A, 226A, 228A and 257A. However, the Supreme Court in Minerva Mills v Union of India struck down the amendment to Articles 31C and 368 as it was in violation of the basic structure of the Constitution.
Insert 4 A and 14 A parts
Amend Schedule 7. [45]
43 Amendment to Articles 145, 226, 228 and 366 13-Apr-78 The amendment was made after the repeal of the internal emergency in the country. Reiterated some of the more ‘anti-freedom amendments enacted under Amendment Bill 42


Extract articles 31D, 32A, 131A, 144A, 226A and 228A. [46]
44 19, 22, 30, 31A, 31C, 38, 71, 74, 77, 83, 103, 105, 123, 132, 133, 134, 139A, 150, 166, 172, 192, 1 94, 213, 217, 225, 226, 227, 239B, 329, 352, 356, 358, 359, 360 and 371F 6-Sep-78 The amendment was made after the repeal of the internal emergency in the country. Provides human rights safeguards and mechanisms to prevent abuse of executive and legislative authority. Some amendments enacted in Amendment Bill 42
Insert articles 134 a and 361 a
Extract articles 31, 257 A, and 329 A
Amend Part 12
Amend Schedule 9. [47]
45 Amend article 334. [48] 25-Jan-80 Extend reservation for SC/ST and nomination of Anglo-Indian members to Parliament and State Legislatures by ten years, till 1990
46 Amend Articles 269, 286 and 366 February 2 -83 Amendment in negating judicial pronouncements on scope and applicability to sales tax
Amend Schedule 7. [49]
47 Amend Schedule 9. [50] 26-Aug-84 Land reform work under Schedule 9 of the Constitution and amend these Acts
48 Amend article 356. [51] 1-Apr-85 Article 356 amended to allow President’s rule in the state of Punjab for two years
49 amend article 244 11-Sep-84 Recognize Tripura as a Tribal-State and Autonomous District Council of Tripura Tribal Areas
Amend Schedules 5 and 6. [52]
50 Amend Article 33. [53] 11-Sep-84 Technical amendment for deduction of Fundamental Rights in accordance with Part III as described in Article 33, Security personnel to protect property and communication infrastructure
51 Amend articles 330 and 332. [54] 29-Apr-84 Providing reservation to Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assemblies of Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh
52 Amendment to Articles 101, 102, 190 and 191 15-Feb-155 Anti-Religion Laws – Provide for disqualification of members of parliament and assembly members in case of favoritism from one party to another. However, for violation of Article 368 of the Constitution, Kihoto Holahan v. In the case of Zachilu 1992 SCR (1) 686, parts of the 10th Schedule to the Constitution of India were struck down by the Supreme Court.
Insert Schedule 10. [55]
53 Insert article 371G. [56] February 20-86 Special Provisions with respect to the State of Mizoram
54 Amendment to Articles 125 and 221 1-Apr-86 To provide for the increase in the salaries of the Chief Justice of India and other judges and to determine the future increase without the need for a constitutional amendment
Amend Schedule 2. [57]


55 Insert article 371H. [58] 20-Feb-87 Special Powers to the Governor as a result of the formation of the State of Arunachal Pradesh
56 Insert article 371 E. [59] 30-May-87 Transition mechanism to enable the formation of Goa State
57 Amend Article 332. [60] 21-Sep-87 Providing reservation to Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assemblies of Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh
58 Insert article 394 A 9-Dec-87 Provision for publishing authentic Hindi translation of the Constitution as per the date and provision of publication of authentic Hindi translation of future Constitution.
Amend part 22. [61]
59 amend article 356 30-Mar-88 Article 356 was amended to allow President’s rule in the State of Punjab for three years, Article 352 and Article 359A amended to allow the imposition of a state of emergency in the State of Punjab or in particular districts of the State of Punjab.
Insert article 359 A. [62]
60 Amend article 276. [63] 20-Dec-88 Business tax increased from a minimum of Rs. 250/- for more than Rs. 2500/-
61 Amend Article 326. [64] 28-Mar-89 Lower the voting rights age from 21 to 18
62 Amend article 334. [65] 20-Dec-89 Extend reservation for SC/ST and nomination of Anglo-Indian members to Parliament and State Legislatures by an additional ten years, till 2000
63 amend article 356 6-Jan-09 Emergency powers applicable to the State of Punjab, as per amendment 59 mentioned in Article 359A repealed
Extract article 359a. [66]
64 Amend article 356. [67] 16-Apr-09 Article 356 amended to allow President’s rule in the state of Punjab for three years and six months
65 Amend Article 338. [68] 12-Mar-09 Constitution of National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and its statutory powers as specified in the Constitution.
66 Amend Schedule 9. [69] 7-Jun-09 Land reform work under Schedule 9 of the Constitution and amend these Acts
67 Amend article 356. [70] 4-Oct-09 Article 356 amended to allow President’s rule in the state of Punjab for four years
68 Amend article 356. [71] 12-Mar-91 Article 356 amended to allow President’s rule in the state of Punjab for five years
69 Insert articles 239 AA and 239A B. [72] 1-Feb-92 To provide for an assembly and council of ministers for the federal national capital of Delhi. Delhi has been a union territory
70 Amend articles 54 and 239AA. [73] 21-Dec-191 Include the national capital of Delhi and the federal territorial Pondicherry in the electoral college for the presidential election
71 Amend Schedule 8. [74] 31-August-92 Include Konkani, Manipuri, and Nepali as official languages


72 Amend Article 332. [75] 5-Dec-92 Providing reservation to Scheduled Tribes in Tripura State Legislative Assembly
73 Include part 9. [76] 24-Apr-92 Statutory provision for Panchayat Raj as the third level of administration in villages
74 Insert Part 9A, amend Article 280. [77] 1-Jun-92 Statutory provision for the third level of administration for local administrative bodies in urban areas such as towns and cities
75 Amend article 323B. [78] 15-May-94 Provision for the establishment of Rent Control Tribunal
76 Amend Schedule 9. [79] 31-August-94 Enable the continuation of 69% reservation in Tamil Nadu by including the relevant Tamil Nadu Act under the 9th Schedule of the Constitution
77 Amend article 16. [80] 17-Jun-95 A technical amendment to give reservation to SC/ST employees in promotion
78 Amend Schedule 9. [81] 30-Aug-95 Land reform work under Schedule 9 of the Constitution and amend these Acts
79 Amend article 334. [82] 25-Jan-00 Increase reservation for SC/ST and enrollment of Anglo-Indian members in Parliament and State Legislatures for the next ten years by 2010
80 Amendment to Articles 269 and 270 9-jun-00 Implement the recommendation of the Tenth Finance Commission to simplify the tax structure by collecting and sharing all taxes between the states and the Centre.
Remove article 272. [83]
81 Amend article 16. [84] 9-jun-00 Preserve SC/ST Reservation in Filling Backlog of Vacancies
82 Amend Article 335. [85] 8-Sep-00 Reservation in promotion for SC/ST candidates permits relaxation in qualifying marks and other criteria
83 Amend article 243M. [86] 8-Sep-00 Reservation for Scheduled Castes in Panchayati Raj Institutions from Arunachal Pradesh
84 Amend articles 55, 81, 82, 170, 330, and 332. [87] 21-Feb 02 Extend the 1971 National Census population figures for a state-wise distribution of parliamentary seats


85 Amend article 16. [88] 4-Jan-02 A technical amendment to protect disciplinary seniority in case of promotion of SC/ST employees
86 Amendment to Articles 45 and 51A 12-Dec-02 Provides right to education up to the age of fourteen and early childhood care up to the age of six
Insert article 21a. [89]
87 Amend articles 81, 82, 170, and 330. [90] 22-Jun-03 Extend the use of 2001 census population data for the state-wise distribution of parliamentary seats
88 amend article 270 15-Jan-04 Extending statutory cover for levy and utilization of Service Tax
Insert article 268A
Amend Schedule 7. [91]
89 amend article 338 28-Sep-03 The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was divided into the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
Insert article 338A. [92]
90 Amend Article 332. [93] 28-Sep-03 Reservation in Assam Legislative Assembly related to Bodoland region area
91 Amendment to Articles 75 and 164 1-Jan-04 Limiting the size of the Council of Ministers to 15% of legislative members and strengthening anti-immigration laws
insert article 361B
Amend Schedule 10. [94]
92 Amend Schedule 8. [95] 7-Jan-04 Include Bodo, Dogri, Santali, and Mathali as official languages
93 Amend article 15. [96] 20-jan-06 To enable the provision of reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBC) in government as well as private educational institutions (27%)
94 Amend article 164. [97] 12-Jun-06 To provide for the Minister of Tribal Welfare in the newly created Jharkhand and the Chhattisgarh States including Madhya Pradesh, Orissa
95 Amend article 334. [98] 25-Jan-10 Increasing the reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Tribes in Lok Sabha and State Legislatures from sixty years to seventy years
96 Amend Schedule 8. [99] 23-Sep-11 Changed “Odia” to Odia
97 Art 1 improved and Part IXB was added. [100] 12-Jan-12 In article 19(l)(c), after the words “or unions”, the words “or co-operative societies” were inserted, and in article 43B, the promotion of co-operative societies and added part-IXB namely, co-operative societies
The aim of the amendment is to encourage the economic activities of cooperatives which in turn helps in the progress of rural India. It is expected not only to ensure autonomous and democratic functioning of the cooperatives but also to ensure the accountability of the management to the members and other stakeholders. [101]


98 [102] To insert article 371H in the constitution 2-Jan-13 To empower the Governor of Karnataka to take steps to develop the Hyderabad-Karnataka region. [102]
99 Insertion of new articles 124A, 124B and 124C amendments to articles 127, 128, 217, 222, 224A, 231. [103] 13 April 2015 [104] The amendment provides for the constitution of a National Judicial Appointments Commission. Of the 16 states, including Goa, Rajasthan, Tripura, Gujarat, and Telangana, 16 state legislatures ratified the central legislation, enabling the President of India to assent to the bill. [105] The amendment was turned down by the Supreme Court on 16 October 2015.
100 Amendment to the First Schedule of the Constitution [106] 1-August-15 The signing of the Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) treaty between India and Bangladesh resulted in the exchange of certain Protected Territories with Bangladesh and the assurance of citizenship rights of the residents of the excavations.


101 Amendment of Articles 248,249, 250, 268, 269, 2, 29, 27, 286, 366, 368, Sixth Schedule, Seventh Schedule, deletion of Article 268A, n [107] 8-Sep-16 Goods and Services Tax Bill


In how many ways can the constitution be amended?

We all know that most part of the constitution has been taken from the Government of India Act 1935, so when the constitution was being made, a lot of intelligent people had expressed the idea that what we are giving the form of the constitution today, about it, Nehru himself and Gandhiji’s thoughts were not positive, for example, Gandhiji had called it a check of a later date, then Nehruji had called it a vehicle in which brake is brake, no accelerator.

When this problem came, people thought that there should be a method of amending the constitution, then the process of amending the Indian constitution was taken with the unanimous consent of the Russian constitution in the assembly.

Indian constitution is amended in three ways, by simple majority, by the special majority and by special majority, and by the ratification of the states.

Amendment of India Constitution by a simple majority

Those parts of the constitution, changes in which the dignity of any office is not affected, it is passed by simple majority, these include Article 2, 3 and 4, Article 73(2), Article 100(3), Article 75. , 97, 125, 148, 165(5) and 221(2), Article 105(3), 106, Article 118(2), Article 120(3), Article 124(1), Article 133(3), article 135 and article 169(1) comes

Amendment of the constitution by special majority

There are some parts in the Indian constitution in which 2-third majority of the members present in the Parliament is desirable, now there are some members in this who go out of the house and do both the work together, that means the number of members present is 2-third by working. ratio, and in this way it is also passed.

Amendment in the constitution by special majority and ratification of the states

There are some parts in the constitution, which also change the status of the states, so the support of at least half the states is necessary, now this amendment process was adopted to pass the patrol bill, by this these articles Changes are made in Article – 54, 55, Article – 72, Article – 162, Article – 241, Chapter 4 of Part 5, Chapter 5 of Part 6, Chapter 1 of Part 11, and Article – 368 from the amendment process in the Constitution.


Constitution Amendment Process

After the bill is passed in both the houses and sometimes after the approval of the states, it is sent to the President of India, only after his assent is there to amend the constitution, according to article 111 when an ordinary bill If is sent for the assent of the President, he can also give assent or send it back to the Houses for reconsideration, but under Article 368, the President is bound to assent to the Constitution Amendment Bill. And the prior approval of the President is not required before introducing this bill.


What is in which schedule of the constitution

The Constitution of India is currently divided into 12 schedules, whereas at the time of creation there were only 8 schedules, which schedule contains what and which article is included in it, its information is given in the table below.

The schedule Contained articles and other information
first schedule (Articles 1 and 4) Description of the State and the Union Territory.
second schedule [Articles 59(3), 65(3), 75(6),97, 125,148(3), 158(3),164(5),186 and 221] Salaries of Chief Officers
third schedule [Articles 75(4),99, 124(6),148(2), 164(3),188 and 219] The forms of affirmation to be taken for the members of the legislature, ministers, president, vice president, judges, etc. are given.
fourth schedule [Articles 4(1), 80(2)] Allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha from the States and Union Territories.
fifth schedule [Article 244(1)] Provisions relating to the administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes.
Sixth Schedule [Articles 244(2), 275(1)] Provisions as to the administration of tribal areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram.
seventh schedule [Article 246] List 1 Union List, List 2 State List, List 3 Concurrent List related to the distribution of subjects.
Eighth Schedule [Articles 344(1), 351] Languages, mention of 22 languages.
ninth schedule [Article 31B] Validation of certain land reform Acts.
tenth schedule [Articles 102(2), 191(2)] on the basis of defection provision and change
eleventh schedule [Article 243 g] This schedule relating to Panchayati Raj / Zila Panchayat was added to the Constitution by the 73rd Constitutional Amendment (1993).
twelfth schedule This schedule was added to the Constitution by the 74th Constitutional Amendment.


Which part of the Constitution of India contains

Since the creation of the Constitution of India, there were 22 parts in it, which are present even today, in which part we are in which part and which article is there, its description is given in detail in the table given below.

Part Subject Article
Part I Union and its territories Article 1-4
Part II Citizenship Article 5-11
Part III basic rights Article 12 – 35
Part IV Directive Principles of State Policy Article 36 – 51
Part IVA fundamental duty Article 51A
Part V Federation Article 52-151
Part VI State Article 152 -237
Part VII Repealed by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956
Part VIII Union Territory Article 239-242
Part IX jury Article 243- 243O
Part IXA municipalities Article 243P – 243ZG
Part X ST Areas Article 244 – 244A
Part XI Relations between the Union and the States Article 245 – 263
Part XII Finance, Property, Contracts, and Suits Article 264 -300A
Part XIII Trade, commerce, and intercourse within the territory of India Article 301 – 307
Part XIV Services under the Union and the States Article 308 -323
Part XIVA tribunal Article 323A – 323B
Part XV Election Article 324 -329A
Part XVI Special provision relating to certain classes Article 330- 342


Part XVII official language Article 343- 351
Part XVIII emergency provision Article 352 – 360
Part XIX scattered Article 361 -367
Part XX Amendments to the Constitution Article
Part XXI Temporary transitional and special provisions Article 369 – 392
Part XXII Short title, commencement, authoritative text in Hindi, and repeal Article 393 – 395


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